HomeScience & TechnologyNASA Lucy mission: It will explore Trojan asteroids near Jupiter

NASA Lucy mission: It will explore Trojan asteroids near Jupiter

Η Mission NASA Lucy, the first mission to Trojan asteroids near Jupiter, was launched Saturday on a United States Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket from Florida.

For the next 12 years, Lucy's mission will be responsible for Exploration of seven trojan asteroids. These asteroids are small "bodies" that have been left over from the formation of the large planets of our solar system. They share an orbit with Jupiter as the planet revolves around the sun.

See also: NASA Perseverance: Images reveal evidence of an ancient lake on Mars

NASA Lucy Trojan asteroids

The goal of the mission is to collect new information about the formation of the solar system 4,5 billion years ago.

In addition to the trojan asteroids, NASA's Lucy mission will observe another orbiting in what is known as Asteroid Belt, an area between Mars and Jupiter. The most famous asteroids roam this area.

As for the seven trojan asteroids, they circle the sun in two groups. Lucy will be the first spaceship to visit them asteroids. It is believed that there are more than 7.000 Trojan asteroids.

Scientists consider them trojans asteroids as a the ancient remnants of the formation of the solar system. They were held captive in the orbit of Jupiter for billions of years. Scientists hope the NASA mission can deliver new details of what conditions were like when the planets formed. They also hope that the mission Lucy ilead to a better understanding of the history of our planet.

See also: "The most important experience," says William Shatner of space travel with Blue Origin

The spaceship was named Lucy from the ancient fossil discovered in Ethiopia in 1974. Lucy was one of the most famous scientific findings of the 20th century. Bone collection has given scientists a better understanding of human evolution.

NASA Jupiter

Η Cathy Olkin, a scientist at the Southwest Research Institute in Colorado, is Lucy's deputy lead researcher. In a video explaining the mission, he compared the NASA spacecraft to the Lucy fossil.

"Just as the Lucy fossil transformed our understanding of human evolution, NASA's Lucy mission will change our understanding of the evolution of the solar system.", he said.

See also: NASA: "Volcanic eruptions" on Mars can hide the Sun.

The spacecraft was built by a NASA contractor, Lockheed Martin, and is equipped with several imaging instruments designed to capture information about the composition of materials on the surface of asteroids. There are also other tools that will be used to record temperatures on the surface of asteroids but also for measuring the size of objects observed by the spacecraft.

In April 2025, NASA spacecraft will do the first approach to the asteroid "Donaldjohanson", in main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.

The mission will use the Earth's gravity to complete its journey. 

Η Lori Glaze NASA emphasizes that any discovery of the Lucy mission will provide key elements for the formation of our solar system.

Source: learningenglish.voanews.com

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