Emirates Mars Mission: In February 2021, the The United Arab Emirates has sent its own mission to Mars and has already brought some interesting scientific data on red planet atmosphere and its weather conditions.
By name "HopeThe spacecraft sent by the Emirates is on a relatively high orbit, but the altitude above the surface of Mars varies from 20.000 to 43.000 kilometers. This allows the spacecraft to see an entire hemisphere. Hope uses its various tools to collect data on the Martian atmosphere and the weather.
The project on Mars funded by the United Arab Emirates and the spacecraft was built in cooperation with many American universities, including the University of Colorado Boulder. The aim was to inspire the young people of the Emirates to continue their education in mathematics and science.
In addition, one goal of the mission is to data sharing with everyone. So the mission recently opened one science data portal. Anyone can register to obtain access to images and data collected from the spacecraft in the past, with new datasets circulating every three months. The spacecraft will be in orbit for at least two years.
However, Hope has already made some interesting discoveries. The spacecraft monitors and analyzes the atmosphere of Mars and especially oxygen distribution. Its atmosphere red planet consists mainly of carbon dioxide, and while scientists were expecting a relatively uniform distribution of oxygen in the atmosphere, the spacecraft has noticed several differences. Similar variations were observed in carbon monoxide.
Scientists are now working to understand these variations, which do not fit perfectly with current models of the Martian atmosphere.
The Emirates is watching through Hope and temperatures on the surface of Mars, operating as if it were the first weather satellite to orbit the red planet. As scientists want to send a human to Mars soon, many things need to be considered. Among them are the weather conditions.
Following the success of the mission to Mars, the The UAE Space Agency recently announced that it is planning an even more ambitious project, during which a spacecraft will be sent to Aphrodite in the late 2020s. He will then travel to asteroid belt between Mars and Zeus. There, the spacecraft will observe up to seven asteroids before attempting to land on one of them in 2033.
Source: Ars Technica