NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) have released stunning new images of the planet Jupiter, which show its Giant Red Spot, superstorms, cyclones and many more phenomena that have been observed on the planet.
Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system, with radius 11 times larger than the Earth (69.911 kilometers). If the Earth were the size of a 20-penny coin, Jupiter would be as big as a basketball.
From this gas giant were pulled simultaneously in 2017 three photos: one with infrared light, one with visible light and one with ultraviolet radiation.
The Giant Red Spot - a persistent storm which is large enough to swallow the entire Earth - is evident in its photographs visible and ultraviolet spectrum, but almost lost in infrared spectrum. This can also be used by scientists for detection of chromophores, ie the particles that give the storm its color, by absorbing blue and ultraviolet light.
The observations have already led to some surprising findings: gaps in the Giant Red Spot that look like clouds in visible light, but which in reality do not exist. Although the holes have not been fully explained, Mike Wong from the University of California suggests that these may look like "circular currents in the ocean".
The Red Spot Junior - a smaller thunderstorm at the bottom right of the Giant Red Spot - is also visible using normal and ultraviolet light.
Infrared photography also reveals a bright line in the northern hemisphere of Jupiter. It is a circular vortex or perhaps a series of turns - the Gemini North Observatory assumes - that has a size of 72.000 kilometers.
At visible wavelengths, the cyclone appears dark brown, leading to these types of features called "brown barges" in photos taken by the spacecraft Travel of NASA.
The visible and ultraviolet photos were recorded by Wide Field Camera 3 in the Space Telescope Hubble, while the infrared photo comes from the instrument Near-InfraRed Imager (NIRI) at Gemini North in Hawaii.
Source of information: independent.co.uk