Drones have been described by many as the gadget of the future - and not unfair. While starting as a game with small drones and helicopters, they have evolved into a huge industry that is ready to conquer the world. Many of you will want to get and pilot your own drone, but what do you know about these remote controlled gadgets? Together we will look at the history of drones, the categories in which they are distinguished, while we will also analyze what you are allowed or forbidden to do when you pilot your own drone.
The drones are unmanned aerial vehicles controlled either by a remote pilot or autonomously, following a predetermined flight plan. May be polycopters (tricopters, quadcopters, hexacopters, etc.) or airplanes. Many people use the term "drone" and when they refer to any unmanned vehicle in general it is controlled remotely or by a predetermined plan, regardless of where it operates - on land (UGVs), sea (UMVs) or air (UAVs).
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Still others do not use the term "drones" for unmanned aerial vehicles, because they consider the term to refer to military missions. And indeed some years ago that was the case. But now things have changed and most people when referring to drones have in mind the multicopters (multicopters, multirotors).
By definition The word "drone" comes from the English period between the 12th and 15th centuries and means continuous humming or mumbling, something that perfectly characterizes modern drones. The first drones made their appearance in the mid-1980s, for military purposes, and to end of the 1990s US-Israeli cooperation established them in the modern war scene. For another decade they continued to be developed exclusively for military purposes, until technology took the necessary steps to make some of our childhood fantasies come true… and more.
The appearance of "Quadrupeds" was just the beginning of the new fashion that took over the planet. In the role of a classic remote-controlled aircraft but with greater comfort in use, without conventional fuel - since it is based on electricity - and with greater stability. In conjunction with the revolution of 3D printers and new electronic systems, their production and promotion became very easy.
Within a short time, drones became clocks that eject from your hand and take pictures of you. They fly over weddings, guard deserts, protect homes, and have even been exploited by the porn industry.
Furthermore, big companies such as Amazon and Domino's Pizza have plans for product and pizza delivery services, respectively. The drones in the role of paramedics will fly with cardio-resuscitation systems, so in cases of heart attacks and obstructions, they will reach the patient long before the traditional ambulances, to offer the first aid.
They are also organized drone races. In March 2016 the first took place World Drone Prix, where drivers pilot their drones in modified stages, with the help of built-in cameras and virtual reality glasses.
However, drones have caused many problems at the government level, as their flight capabilities and portable cameras make them "perfect candidates" for monitoring key locations and services, such as military and police facilities. Many countries have already passed legislation which either prohibit the use of drones within the city or require a special permit. In Netherlands they even train eagles to catch illegal drones.
With regard to Greece, there is relevant legislation that prohibits flights at altitudes greater than 122 meters, at least three kilometers away from airports, and of course flight is prohibited, near, on or inside military and archeological sites. Judging by the Greek legislation of recent years, it is not unlikely to see license plates, tolls and exhaust cards for drones.
- Initially, the new legal framework divides the devices into three categories. Theν “open”, The "Special" and "Certified". The categories depend on the volume of the device and the type of use.
- You should always keep the drone within your field of vision, while at the same time you should plan your flights and choose areas without obstacles.
- Get a license if you want to use your drone for paid work.
- Carefully read the manufacturer's instructions.
- Drones are allowed to fly below the permissible limits for the movement of manned aircraft with a maximum altitude of 400 feet (122 meters) above the ground or sea level.
- In addition, their flights should be operated within half an hour before sunrise, up to half an hour after sunset.
- Instead, their flight inside is prohibited Traffic Zones of airports and at a distance of less than 8 km from the perimeter of airports and from the landing / take-off tracks of aircraft.
- In addition, drone flight over persons and movable or immovable property and at a lateral distance of less than 50 meters is prohibited.
- Also, the transport of hazardous materials by drones is explicitly prohibited.
- Open category drones (virtually any SMEA device under 25 kg) are not allowed to fly over concentrations or at a lateral distance of less than 150 meters.
- These gadgets are prohibited from flying not only in military areas and facilities, and in archeological sites, but also over institutions such as prisons, hospitals, schools, environmental protection areas and public facilities.
- It should also be noted that both the device and its operator and owner must be registered by Civil Aviation Authority (CAA).
- At the same time, the commercial exploitation of a drone is allowed only after the registration of the device and the approval of a special license to its user. The latter is expected to be valid for three months and is secured by a fee.
Another question that may concern you is whether you can take your drone with you on an air trip. The answer is "YES" but subject to conditions.
Specifically, if you want to travel and have the drone with you, you should contact the airline to give you instructions so that you can bring it, along with the relevant equipment on the plane. At the same time, in case you are at an airport and notice that a passenger is preparing to use his drone, it would be good to notify the airport staff immediately because due to a recklessness, your flight may be delayed for many hours or even postponed.
In general, there is a great division for the role that this new technology plays in our lives.. The supporters they have enough reasons to defend it and start with the most important of them. The spectacle that these little planes can offer is simply spectacular. Capturing beautiful landscapes and beautiful panoramic shots is now easier than ever with the use of drones. In addition, they contribute to the entertainment of the user, as he has the opportunity to fly his own unmanned vehicle, since it is primarily procured from a sales store, and to participate in various competitions that exist with other users. One can even be seriously trained and thus obtain a pilot's license, which can offer him a place in the job market.
But there is also the other side of the coin. There are more and more complaints around the world about personal data breaches caused by drone flights. Privacy is becoming more vulnerable than ever, according to dissidents in this new technological revolution.
But it also poses a great danger to human health. There are many cases in which injuries of passers-by from drone falls have been recorded. Clumsy handling can be disastrous. Ignorance of the rules of their use is also even more destructive. According to them, they can not fly more than 400 feet. The reason is to avoid collisions with larger aircraft. And yet this has been done, fortunately without far-reaching consequences.
The conclusion, in conclusion, which we conclude is that the drones have the ability to offer several comfort, security but also bring problems. Only their proper exploitation and harmonization with EU rules and legislation can guarantee that we are doing the right thing.
The drone market is evolving and the users / uses are constantly increasing. On this basis, the risks and responsibilities of owners / users always exist and it is necessary to know, both themselves and the general public. These Gadgets is undoubtedly the big bet of technology, it is already here and evolving over time.
One thing is for sure: Drones have come to stay and now we are entering a post-Drone era, full of surprises and innovations.