Whether we are at home, at work or even in a public place, we can use the internet at any time to control the e-mail us, to listen to music, to search information, even talking to a relative or co-worker who is far away.
However, although it makes our lives easier, we can not ignore that there are many risks that lurk on the internet and can threaten our data and personal life.
So we have to be careful when using this precious tool, as malicious agents are increasingly evolving their techniques, targeting our data.
There are many threats to be aware of as we browse the internet, the most important of which are listed below.
- Malware: Also known as malicious software, it occurs in various forms and can cause serious damage to the device it will infect.
- Worm: A type of malware that replicates itself without the need for human interaction, creates copies and spreads quickly and in large volumes. Infects a device, through malicious connectors or infected media such as USB sticks.
- SpamSpam, commonly known as spam, refers to spam in your inbox. While usually considered harmless, some may include links that install malware on a user's computer if the recipient clicks on it.
- Phishing: Also known as e-fishing. Created by criminals in cyberspace for stealing private or sensitive information. They can disguise themselves as various reputable senders, such as banks, Internet service providers and well-known companies, in order to entice victims to click on their links.
- Botnet: It consists of a network of computers that have been compromised by malicious agents, enabling them to remotely control infected devices. If a botnet hits a website, it can submit millions of requests at once, eventually overloading the servers, slowing down web traffic, or affecting performance.
- spyware: A type of malware on the internet that infects computers or mobile devices and collects information. It can be installed by mistake when a user agrees to the terms and conditions of a seemingly legitimate program.
- Ransomware: A type of malware that prevents users from accessing their system or personal files by encrypting them. Cybercriminals then demand ransom in order to give them the key to decryption.
- Trojan: Another type of malware also known as Trojan horse, which disguises itself as legal software. Once enabled, it can allow cyber criminals to spy on the user, steal sensitive data and gain access through backdoor.
- Viruses: A type of malware created to change the way a computer works and can spread from one device to another. It is transmitted by importing or appending it to a legitimate program or document that supports macros to execute code.
Despite the threats that plague the internet, however, there are some steps that users can take to be as safe as possible while browsing the web. website:
- Secure WiFi networks: In cases outside your home network, prefer to use your data if you need to browse the internet, as wireless hotspots in public areas or shops are often not secure.
- Use a reliable VPN: Virtual Private Networks or otherwise VPN, have multiple levels of encryption, offering a secure way to browse the web without compromising your sensitive data.
- Encryption httpsSites with https rather than http addresses are encrypted for better security. Make sure your email server uses this encryption throughout your browsing.
- Antivirus program: Another important step is to choose a good antivirus program. Once installed, it runs in the background, performing regular scans and checks on devices, monitoring files, programs, and Web pages for potential threats.
- Download applications from trusted sources: Downloading apps from third-party stores can put your device at risk, so opt for trusted app stores like iOS App Store, Google Play Store and Amazon App Store.
- Regular information: The most recent updates often include fixes for known security vulnerabilities that can be exploited by cybercriminals.
- Use two-factor authentication: Also known as 2 FACTOR AUTHENTICATION, it is an additional level of security for your device.
- Backups: They are another way of data protection, since in case of ransomware attack they will not be locked or lost and you will be able to restore your system easier and faster.
Finally, any email received from an unknown or unexpected recipient, even if it is a well-known company, should be avoided from opening or clicking on any links it contains. You also need to be careful when giving your information to a shopping site and choosing well-known and trusted companies.