Artificial Intelligence (AI) is gaining more and more ground in people's lives, used in various fields. It is a technology that is expected to catalyze the future of human existence, having already brought about significant changes. But what exactly is artificial intelligence and how much has it evolved over the years?
The term "Artificial Intelligence" refers to its industry information technology dealing with the design and implementation of computer systems that mimic elements of human behavior and intelligence. Some of these elements are learning, adaptability, drawing conclusions, contextual understanding and problem solving. The term was first used in 1956 by John Mc Carthy to describe a summer workshop called “The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence”, in which the "thinking machines" were discussed.
It is a technology that is a crossroads between multiple sciences such as computer science, psychology, philosophy, neurology, linguistics and engineering.
Specifically, in the field of health and medicine Leaps in progress have been made, with AI contributing to the development of drugs and tools for disease prediction and treatment. As for Greece, pilot, experienced diagnostic assistance systems for examining patients have already started operating. Experienced systems have been judged to be quite reliable in the decisions they make, as they often either identify with the doctor's opinion or help him focus faster on where the pathogen is located.
In addition, with use of Digital Twins and Artificial Intelligence timely prediction and prevention of complex and multifactorial diseases, including COVID-19. In the case of COVID-19, Artificial Intelligence has been used in thermal imaging devices at airports as well as elsewhere. In addition, AI can contribute to the effective diagnosis of the disease, through the use of algorithms that study computed tomography of the chest. It can also help monitor the spread of the virus by providing data. In addition, scientists are studying how AI can be used to analyze health data and detect patterns that could lead to new scientific discoveries and improve individual diagnostics.
At science, many inventions have been made with the help of AI.
- For example, researchers have developed a program that detects cases of heart attack.
- In addition, the EU funded the project KConnect which allows the effective search of medical information through the analysis of medical texts and the development of search services.
- Researchers have also developed one helmet AI for the prevention of seizures in patients who have undergone brain decompression surgery.
- Also, its subsidiary Google, DeepMind, developed an Artificial Intelligence system called "AlphaFold", which solved one of the greatest mysteries of biology that has occupied scientists for decades. This system can quickly and accurately predict how proteins will fold, what XNUMXD shape they will take, and what their function will be.
- In addition, Artificial Intelligence can diagnose cancers of the lung, breast, brain, skin, and even cervix.
- Still, this technology can call for human help in diagnosis only when absolutely necessary.
- It can also help to understand a patient's behavior, emotions and decisions based on the data shared by the patient.
Also, Artificial Intelligence will affect learning and education on two fronts: as a learning assistant and, to the next level, as a learning observer.
In particular, one application of Artificial Intelligence on a computer or smart device could take on the role of educator or personal assistant to the learner, tracking his or her progress and suggesting appropriate tasks or training modules. In this case, the suggested application might include educational material available online or via smartphone applications.
This will improve the quality of teaching. In addition, there are financial advantages in the use of Artificial Intelligence in schools, as not only students but also the educational institutions themselves benefit. In particular, Artificial Intelligence allows institutions to reduce the cost of providing quality education. This way, more people can be trained. Globally, this will benefit populations in underdeveloped and developing countries.
In short, AI means a lot benefits for the human: 1) reduces the chances of human error, 2) risks machines instead of humans, 3) is a technology available at any time, 4) performs non-stop repetitive tasks, and 5) helps new inventions.
However, AI also involves risks: 1) can make people inactive, 2) open the "gap" between rich and poor countries, shifting a larger share of investment to advanced economies, 3) reduce jobs, 4) eliminate sentiment, 5 ) to burden the economy, as the cost of creativity can be high, and 6) threaten the right to privacy, as a third party can access a user's data.
Finally, it is worth mentioning that the technological giants of our time are investing more and more in Artificial Intelligence, both in terms of scientific research and in the development of their commercial dimension.