Some recent reports claim that Macs encountered more threats by Windows systems in 2020. However, according to security experts, the The average Mac OS user is faced with fewer malware / ransomware than them users of Windows.
In February 2020, the Malwarebytes reported that the threats to Mac users were about twice as many as those targeted users of Windows. These threats, however, were mainly related to potentially unwanted programs (PUP) and adware, not malware.
"In Windows, we see all kinds of exploits - it is much more common on the part of Windows, for example, to visit a site and suddenly infect your machine", Said a researcher. "This is not the case with Mac OS".
Η Apple actually benefits from the smaller market share on desktops and laptops, as well as one more strictly controlled ecosystem. The binaries usually need to come from either the Apple App Store or a recognized developer to avoid requiring the user to install the program, a feature more restrictive than the AppLocker policy in Microsoft Windows.
With extra protection does not mean that there are no risks
Its operating systems Apple, MacOS and iOS, are certainly not completely free of attacks.
A recent report by The Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto stressed that the commercial sell zero-click exploits on iMessages allows governments to buy access to dissident systems. In addition, difference malware previously targeted only at Windows (or Linux) are now targeting Macs.
"Historically, threats to MacOS have focused primarily on adware and trojanized downloaders of known softwareSays Ian Davis, a BlackBerry researcher. "While these less dangerous threats still make up the majority of the samples dealt with, there are also advanced attacks and tools that are being developed and used in conjunction with those for Windows and Linux".
More and more sophisticated attacks are starting to target MacOS. In 2020, the community saw increased incidents ransomware, botnet campaigns and backdoors to steal information on Mac.
The user can act as a vulnerability on Mac systems
According to a report released by Malwarebytes in February, at least a quarter of the threats facing Windows systems are malware. But on Macs, only 1% of threats are considered malware. Mac attackers, they mainly try to trick the user to do things that could allow malware to run.
According to the researchers security, the user himself has become the most important player for executing malicious code on systems. Therefore, companies should take care to train Mac users to be able to recognize a threat.
Users should be wary of downloading or running software from unreliable sources and not provide additional permissions. "The threats continue to rely heavily on users who run a file and / or grant administrator privileges while running", Say the researchers.
As Apple invests in tools to enhance user privacy, attackers can not easily obtain access into a data of Macs. In order for an attacker to gain access, must acquire specific rights and to do that, it tries to deceive users.
Cyber criminals upgrade them attacks their and Mac developers incorporate tactics used into malware for Windows and Linux.
"The old saying that MacOS is not vulnerable to malware is far from true and the gap between Windows and MacOS threats is closing.Says a BlackBerry researcher.
Source: Dark Reading