Nasa has revealed its priorities for the "Artemis III" mission, which will launch the first woman and the next man in Moon the 2024.
The Artemis III Science Definition team, consisting of federal staff and advisers with lunar experience science, began meeting in September to set compelling and achievable scientific goals for all aspects of shipping "Artemis III", including sampling, field surveys and experiments.
The Moon is often referred to as the cornerstone of the solar system systemic and these investigations will help them scientists to better understand the fundamental planetary processes that operate throughout the solar system and beyond.
Thomas Zurbuchen, Deputy Managing Director at NASA's Scientific Mission, said the following about the mission: "The Moon is of particular interest to scientists. "Even before Artemis III lands, our Organization 's scientific and research teams work together as never before to ensure that we take advantage of each other' s strengths."
In addition, Kathy Lueders, Deputy Managing Director of NASA's Human Resources and Operations Mission, said: "Science will be an integral part of Artemis' missions and we look forward to designing human and scientific discovery missions based on the careful work of this team." "NASA's work on science will help prepare for the landing of Artemis III in 2024 and maximize the scientific value of bringing humans back to the lunar surface for the first time since 1972."
As was the case with the Apollo mission, every second of a year astronaut on the lunar surface will be meticulously designed.
Nasa is also seeking to build an Artemis base by the end of the decade at the Moon's South Pole, as well as conduct experiments to understand the origin of the sun and our astronomical environment. This could increase man's understanding of how the Moon formed and evolved, how it interacts with the Sun, and how water and other resources developed in it.
Renee Weber, co-chair of the team and lead scientist at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, who led the effort, said: "The hard work of the team will ensure that we will be able to take advantage of them possibilities of the Artemis III mission to help us learn from the Moon as a gateway to the rest of the solar system. "
In August 2020, scientists proposed the use of huge lava tubes beneath the surface of Mars and the Moon for bases on future missions. In addition, the water below the surface of the Moon is considered shallow enough to be accessible by humans, as meteorites have been found to hit the lunar atmosphere with water vapor.
It is worth noting that its a global pandemic COVID-19 affected some NASA operations, after closing 18 of its large facilities, which meant that the development of the rocket Space launch system and the spacecraft Orion it had to either be delayed or suspended.