Linux turns 29 this year, and for his birthday it is worth taking a look back at the most important moments in its history.
1991: Linus brings Linux into the world
The following message was sent to 25 August 1991, in the Minix Usenet team. Torvalds had no idea what would happen later when he wrote about his new free operating system system that it was "just a hobby, and will not be as big and professional as gnu for 386 (486) AT clones. "
There were older distributions of the operating system, such as MCC and Yggdrasil, but the Slackware of Patrick Volkerding was the first widely successful distribution and continues to be updated and used to this day.
1994: H Red Hat is born
Ο Marc ewing creates Red Hat Linux. THE Bob young buys Ewing's company, merges it with his own and forms Red Hat, the most successful operating system company to date.
1996: KDE and SUSE
KDE, the first large desktop interface, launches. THE Matthias Ettrich wanted to make an easy to use desktop. It K? It states the "Kool». The name was also one game on Common Desktop Environment (CDE) of UnixIn the same year, after collaborating with Slackware and Red Hat Linux, the SUSE , the leading European company Linux, launches the first standalone software, which remains to this day a major force.
The Miguel de Icaza and Federico Mena started working on a new desktop, GNOME, based entirely on free software.
1998: Halloween Memos
Microsoft is starting to target its rival. THE Eric S. Raymond, an original Linux and open source leader code, reveals the "Halloween Documents", which show that the Microsoft considers software its enemy, and begins formulating campaigns against the open source and Red Hat operating system. More than a decade later, Microsoft will change course.
1999: Corel desktop
Corel launches the first desktop for this operating system. Although it was not successful, it paved the way for other well-known distributions Ubuntu.
2000: H IBM invests a billion dollars
This year, IBM announced that it would invest $ 2001 billion in Red Hat software in XNUMX. A little later, it will prove to be IBM's best investment.
2001: Linux 2.4 is released
After some delays, version 2.4 was released. With this version, the company competes with Solaris and other advanced technology operating systems.
2004: Τορθε το Ubuntu
Based on Debian, Ubuntu is becoming an extremely popular operating system and the most important of all cloud distributions.
2007: The Android arrives
Η Open Handset Alliance , which includes the Google and many hardware vendors, Android announces. It will become the most popular operating system, as it runs on more than one billion smartphones.
2008: Stock markets are changing
The New York Stock Exchange, which is soon followed by many other major stock exchanges around the world, has changed its basic operating system to Linux.
2012: Red Hat marks the first billion
Red Hat becomes the first open source company of 1 billion. In 2016, it becomes the first $ XNUMX billion business.
2014: Microsoft loves Linux
The CEO of Microsoft Satya Nadella says Microsoft loves Linux. The company later proved it by supporting the software.
2019: Microsoft launches Linux for Windows 10
Microsoft brings it Windows subsystem for Linux 2.0, for Windows 10. With this users can run both operating systems at the same time.
2019: IBM acquires Red Hat
Red Hat was acquired by IBM for $ 34 billion, making it the largest software investment.
2020: The conquest of the cloud
The world market in cloud It now generates $ 100 billion a year, with 90% being allocated to its Red Hat operating system.