Η Artificial Intelligence AI, which now includes everything from robots to medical diagnostic tools, is a fast-growing field that is playing an increasingly critical role in many aspects of our lives. AI is particularly important for both a country and its citizens, and the power of this technology is growing in various areas, such as the economy and the military. That's why AI technology has become a competitive "weapon" between countries. A typical example is the United States and China. China appears ready to lead the way in research and use of artificial intelligence, due to its national plan for the dominance of artificial intelligence and the billions of dollars the government has invested in this area, compared to the US-focused development of the private sector.
Until last year, the two superpowers were largely interdependent on AI technology. It is an area that has attracted the attention and investment of major technology forces on both sides of the Pacific, including Apple, Google and Facebook in the US and SenseTime, Megvii and YITU Technology in China. However, the combination of political tensions and its rapid spread COVID-19 in both nations it furthers the division between them, which will have consequences for both the advancement of technology and the dynamic power of the world for years to come.
Georg Stieler, CEO of Stieler Enterprise Management Consulting China, said that these new technologies will create a new scenario in the next three to five years, and that people who develop them will be able to control different parts of the world.
China's rapid growth in interest in AI technology can be traced back to some key moments that began four years ago.
The first was in March 2016, when AlphaGo, a machine learning system created by DeepMind Google using algorithms and reinforcement learning to train in huge sets data and predict the results, defeated world champion Goe Lee Sedol. This spread throughout China and aroused great interest. Both sides emphasize how quickly technology has advanced and suggest that because the GO includes war-like strategies and tactics, artificial intelligence could possibly be useful in making war decisions.
The second moment came seven months later, when the government of former US President Barack was in power Obama, published three reports on preparing for a future dominated by artificial intelligence, developing a national strategic plan, and describing the potential economic implications. Some Chinese policy makers have taken these reports as an indication that the United States has pursued a more AI strategy than expected.
This culminated in July 2017, when the Chinese government under President Xi Jinping released a development plan aimed at making the nation the world's leader in artificial intelligence by 2030, including investing billions of dollars in start-ups and start-ups.
Lian Jye Su, chief analyst at global technology consulting firm ABI Research, said China has noticed that the IT industry comes from the United States and exerts a soft influence around the world through various Silicon Valley innovations. He added that as an economy based solely on its productive potential, China is willing to find a way to diversify its economy and provide more innovative and innovative ways to highlight its strengths in the world. AI is a great way to achieve this.
Despite the competition, the two nations have worked together from time to time. China has data masses and much more relaxed regulations on their use, so it can often apply AI tests faster. But the nation still relies heavily on US semiconductors and open source software for AI and mechanical learning algorithms.
And while the United States has the lead in quality research, universities and engineering talent, top AI programs at universities such as Stanford and MIT attract many Chinese students, who later usually continue to work for technology giants such as Google. the Microsoft, Apple and Facebook.
China's fears of a major US artificial intelligence plan have not materialized. In February 2019, US President Donald Trump Trump, issued an executive order of the US AI Initiative, calling on the leading federal agencies to give priority to research and development of artificial intelligence in the 2020 budgets. However, it did not provide new funding to support these measures or further details. of these plans. And since then not much has happened at the federal level.
Meanwhile, China has fallen behind, with AI companies such as SenseTime, Megvii and YITU Technology raising billions. However, AI investment in China fell in 2019 as the US-China trade war escalated and damaged investors' confidence in China. At the time, the Trump administration made it harder for US companies to export certain types of AI software in an effort to curb it. access of the Chinese in American technology.
As part of the COVID-19 pandemic, China turned to some of its artificial intelligence tools and big data in an effort to prevent the virus, such as detecting contacts, diagnostic tools and drones, from boosting social distancing. However, there was a lot of propaganda for all this both in the media and on social media.
The United States and other nations are struggling with the same technologies and at the same time with concerns about privacy, security and surveillance coming with them, as they appear to be more affected than other countries by the virus. The ways in which China is using artificial intelligence to fight COVID-19 is worrying in many ways. The direct impact can be in areas such as the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and medical equipment. But it will ultimately affect artificial intelligence, as a technology that covers so many areas and applications.
Despite the economic effects of the virus, AI's global artificial intelligence investment is projected to increase from $ 22,6 billion in 2019 to $ 25 billion in 2020. The biggest consequence may be the acceleration of the US-China disconnection process. artificial intelligence and everything else.
The US still has advantages in areas such as semiconductors and AI chips. However, in the midst of the trade war, the Chinese government is reducing its dependence on foreign technology, developing domestic start-ups and adopting more open source solutions. Cloud AI giants like Alibaba use open source computer models to develop their own data center chips. Chinese start-up chipset companies such as Cambricon Technologies, Horizon Robotics and Suiyuan Technology have also entered the market in recent years and have raised large sums of money.
But full separation is not expected to happen soon. One of the problems with referring to all of this as an AI gun race is that many of the basic platforms, algorithms and data sources are open source. The vast majority of artificial intelligence developers in China use it Google TensorFlow or Facebook PyTorch, while there is little incentive to participate in domestic options that do not have the same networks.
The United States remains the world's superpower in the AI sector at the moment. But the trade war could ultimately do more harm to American companies related to artificial intelligence than expected, according to experts.