Two years after the entry into force of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), data protection laws continue to face challenges across the European Union, and in particular on how Member States apply the Regulation.
A report by the European Commission generally characterizes data protection laws as successful in providing more privacy to citizens, providing people with a better understanding of their rights in the delivery of personal data, and encouraging them. organizations take more precautions when handling information.
However, the implementation of the GDPR is not the same across Europe, which could potentially cause problems.
Just over two years after the GDPR legislation, all the countries of the European Union have adopted or adapted it to national data protection laws. The only country that has not implemented it is Slovenia.
However, the implementation of the GDPR between Member States is inconsistent and creates inequality, which affects cross-border businesses, especially when it comes to new ones technological developments and cybersecurity products.
Among the reasons not universally applicable is that Member States are responsible for managing the human, financial and technical resources of their national protection authorities. data.
While this has led to good adoption and understanding of legislation in countries such as Iceland, Netherlands, Finland, Ireland and Luxembourg - the latter two host some global companies in their territories technology - other countries are lagging behind.
"The situation is still unequal between Member States and is not yet satisfactory overall," the report said.
And while larger organizations have generally adapted to the GDPR, the report notes that even two years later, its understanding and compliance is still a challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
Several data protection authorities have provided tools to help the media implement the GDPR, and this is something that the Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή to "intensify and spread".
However, despite small business concerns, the Commission considers the GDPR to be a success, noting that 69% of people over the age of 16 across the country Europe knows the law and what exactly it involves.
"The GDPR has achieved its goals and has become a point of reference around the world for countries that want to provide their citizens with a high level of protection. But we can do even better, "said Didier Reynders, European Commissioner for Justice.