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Linux: The 11 best distributions for programming and developers

Linux-based operating systems are the most sought after and are important tools for him programming And them developers, who use Linux distributions to complete their work quickly and smoothly. Their main concerns when choosing Linux distribution for software programming or development are compatibility, power, stability and flexibility.

Distributions like Ubuntu and Debian have managed to establish themselves as the top choices in terms of best Linux distribution for developers. Some of the other great options are openSUSE, Arch Linux, etc. If you are planning to buy a Raspberry Pi credit card sized, Linux-based Raspbian is also a great way to get started.

Why is Linux better for developers and developers?

Although there are many Linux distributions for beginners to make things easier, the majority of the population still uses the Windows operating system. There are many reasons for this, but it is an issue for another article.

If you want to learn new technologies like game development, website development, Blockchain ή Machine learning, Linux is the best choice because it is free to use and open-source.

You do not need to spend money to buy software, licenses and operating system. In addition, you can download it freely, even its source code, to make changes that suit you and create a personal system that suits your needs.

You can customize the terminal, try different word processors, and install the desktop environment of your choice. In addition, most programming languages ​​(if not limited to a specific operating system) operate on Linux. Also, Linux know-how is in high demand, so the knowledge you gain will definitely help you while looking for the job of your dreams.

Let's see below the best Linux distributions for planning and development.

1. Debian GNU / Linux


Debian GNU / Linux distro is the parent operating system for many other Linux distributions. The latest release of "buster" has recently arrived with more powerful features. In any discussion of the best Linux distributions for developers, Debian has a special place.

The reason why developers prefer Debian as a operating system is the large number of packages, which aim at stability and safety. If you are a beginner, there are many tutorials to solve your problems and get better at what you do.

Keep in mind that if you are a beginner Linux user and are now learning the basics of programming, Debian is not the perfect operating system for you. To do this, you need to look for Linux distributions for beginners such as Ubuntu 20.04, Linux Mint or Zorin OS.

Why use Debian for programming?

If you want a stable system, whose repositories have tons of open source material, Debian is a great choice. Also, popular .deb package management is another advantage.

Download this distribution here..

2. Ubuntu

Linux: The 11 best distributions for programming and developers
Linux: The 11 best distributions for programming and developers

Ubuntu is the most popular and widely used Linux distribution for web development, python and other purposes. Over the years, thanks to the support provided by Canonical and the open-source community, Ubuntu has evolved into one of the most important operating systems.

Due to its popularity and continuous growth, it is widely used in cloud applications and servers. It is also available in many versions with different environments and functions to meet different needs.

For development, downloading .deb packages will not be a difficult process. Its own software center features tons of free applications that make it an excellent Linux operating system for programming. The LTS version remains supported for 5 years and provides stability.

Why use Ubuntu for programming and development?

The most popular open source operating system has a huge user community to help you at every step. A comprehensive experience is provided by regular LTS versions that are quick to solve problems. Ubuntu also supports the popular .deb package management system.

Download this distribution here..

3. openSUSE


OpenSUSE is a very stable operating system programming. This Linux distribution is available in two versions - Leap and Tumbleweed.

While openSUSE Leap is an LTS version that remains fairly updated and guarantees stability, Tumbleweed is a version for those who love the latest Features of software.

One of the most important advantages of openSUSE is the management of YaST packages, which facilitates the automation of different tasks. Another great feature of this reliable Linux distribution is the software delivery method. You can simply visit their website and install directly whatever you want. The huge package base and its community is another advantage.

Why use openSUSE as a Linux distribution?

It is a stable Linux distribution with the latest packages in the regularly updated repository. OpenSUSE's YaS is one of the best high-impact packet management systems.

Download this distribution here..

4. Fedora


Fedora is a community-based project that offers the most advanced operating system in many versions with the goal of specific use cases. The best feature of Fedora is its main sponsor, Red Hat Inc., which is a well-known company in the Linux ecosystem.

Its latest releases often inspire other Linux distributions to adopt new features and make changes. It has smart automatic configurations and updated packages that make it a perfect operating system. If you don't like an older version of it, you can also upgrade or install the latest Fedora painlessly after 6 months.

In addition, Fedora only works with open source, which makes it an ideal choice if you are a fan of open-source. Even the Linus Torvalds prefers Fedora over Debian and Ubuntu. The Fedora forum is a very friendly platform to share your problems and learn how to use Fedora and its tools. As Fedora is supported by Red Hat, you can be sure that it works smoothly during the development process.

Why use Fedora for web design and development?

Fedora is available in several versions and Fedora workstation is specially designed for developers. It is quite stable and has many tools for shaping the development environment. It also offers brand new features, security and bug fixes.

Download this distribution here..

5. Pop! _OS

Linux: The 11 best distributions for programming and developers
Linux: The 11 best distributions for programming and developers

US-based Linux System76 hardware maker announces custom Linux distribution based on Ubuntu called Pop! _OS in 2017. The company took this step after Ubuntu decided to leave the Unity environment and adopt the already thriving GNOME desktop.

System76 calls it Pop! _OS an operating system for IT developers, manufacturers and professionals who use their machines to create new ideas. It supports many programming languages ​​and useful tools.

To make your workflow more productive, the latest Pop! _OS 20.04 gives developers a unique feature with a keyboard-based window manager. Advanced window management, shortcuts and workspaces along with GNOME 3.36 improve the user experience to another level.

Why choose Pop! _OS for programming?

Ubuntu can do as much as Pop! _OS, but special tools, attractive appearance and sophisticated workflow provide a unique experience to attract many developers.

Download this distribution here..

6. Arch Linux

Linux: The 11 best distributions for programming and developers
Linux: The 11 best distributions for programming and developers

Arch Linux is a favorite Linux distribution for hardware Linux fans who want full control functional their system. If you want to get started, you can choose Arch Linux to create a custom operating system that could easily become a major Linux distribution for programming and other purposes.

If you like upgraded Linux distributions then you don't need to look any further. Arch Linux has one repository which is always up to date. Basic installation is sufficient and every time a new version is released (very early every month), all you have to do is update your packages to get to the latest version.

Even if you want to do a penetration test, you can convert Arch Linux to BlackArch by following some instructions. If you encounter any error, the entire Arch community is there for you with high-level skills to solve any problem.

Why should developers use Arch Linux?

Arch Linux is extremely customizable and will teach you a lot while setting up your system. If you have experience with Linux, you should definitely try Arch and create your own personal system. In addition, Arch Linux has the best documentation to search for any information.

Download this distribution here..

7. Gentoo

You will need a lot of time on your part to find out. So, be prepared for hardcore situations. If you need special compilation options in your executable files, you can try Gentoo as it does everything through the source code. It also allows you to recreate your entire system for its specific architecture. CPU you.

Distributions such as Gentoo and Slackware (and Arch Linux, to some extent) are difficult to install and configure. Things that really need to be automated are already automated and anything that can teach you something is completely up to you and the time you can devote to learning it. However, if you have some experience on Linux and want to expand your knowledge, try Gentoo.

Why should developers use Gentoo?

If you think you are an expert and you like challenges, choose Gentoo. It is also great for developing Linux packages and applications for multiple platforms.

Download this distribution here..

8. Manjaro Linux

If you know how to set up the Arch Linux system, you don't need Manjaro Linux. But if you want an Arch-based system that is easy to install and run, then Manjaro is the solution for you. It has an easy GUI installation program, such as Ubuntu or Linux Mint that smooths out information methods.

Manjaro is the newest distribution on this list and is growing rapidly. Combining all the power of Arch Linux, it is best suited for beginners looking for something alternative to Arch. Even if you want a distribution with a specific desktop, Manjaro comes in three versions with each GNOME, KDE and Xfce.

The Manjaro development team has done a very good job with each release and makes the overall experience very enjoyable. It also has an utility that allows you to select kernels in real time. You can also choose another distribution based on Arch, Antergos.

Why use Manjaro for programming?

If you like the power of Arch Linux and a steady distribution, try Manjaro. You can also try Manjaro-OpenRC if you don't like systemd.

Download this distribution here..

9. CentOS

Linux: The 11 best distributions for programming and developers

If you like Fedora (and RHEL) but want to use an operating system with long-term support, you should use CentOS which is another version of Red Hat available for free to use.

CentOS can also run RHEL-based trading software and is a Linux distribution for those willing to test a server's performance on the desktop.

The process of installing this Linux distribution is almost similar to that of Fedora. To meet the different software needs, it has a huge collection of software Red Hat and the CentOS repository. You can use the powerful YUM package manager to install the application required for development.

Why use CentOS for development?

CentOS is a stable Linux distribution that is ideal for programming and development software.

Download this distribution here..

10. Kali Linux

Linux: The 11 best distributions for programming and developers

Kali Linux, created by Offensive Security, it is mainly preferred by moral hackers to perform penetration tests on vulnerable networks and computers. But it can also work as a great companion for developers looking for a Linux distribution for programming and Development.

It has tons of pre-installed tools. However, we must make it clear that it is not designed for a beginner who does not know the world of Linux. So if you have some experience with Linux and programming, you can try it Time Linux to improve your skills.

Just like with the other entries in this list, you can download the latest version and install it or try dual boot. Provides full control over the configuration of the distribution according to your preferences.

Why should developers use Kali Linux?

Kali Linux is the perfect combination of tools for ethics hacker and developers. So, if you have these interests, Kali is a great choice for you.

Download this distribution here..

11. Raspbian

Linux: The 11 best distributions for programming and developers

With each new release, the mini computer Raspberry Pi becomes stronger. he computer Credit card size has become popular in schools as it is widely used for Linux programming and teaches the basics of programming.

The official Raspbian OS of this computer has many programming tools, connector pins and other useful ports. This makes it a perfect Linux operating system for learning to program embedded systems.

It has BlueJ, Geany, Greenfoot, Mathematica, Python, Node-RED, Scratch and other tools to make your learning process more efficient. Recently, it was updated with a new Pixel desktop, which improved the overall look of the operating system.

Why use Raspbian for programming?

If you want to learn programming and enter the world of DIY, there is no better combination than Raspberry Pi and Raspbian.

Download this distribution here..