A bilateral amendment that would prohibit law enforcement agencies, such as the FBI, from acquiring access in the browsing history of U.S. citizens without a warrant, it was not eventually approved by the U.S. Senate, as it garnered just 59 of the 60 votes needed to be approved. Twenty-seven Republicans and ten Democrats voted against amending HR 6172. The amendment proposed by Sen. Ron Wyden, Oregon Democrat, and Sen. Steve Daines, Montana's Republican, would oblige government have a warrant to access the browsing history of Americans. According to Article 215 of the law, the government can oblige telephone calls Companies and service providers Internet to deliver data users associated with information such as browsing history, whether they are considered a terrorism case or any controversial case.
In a speech to the U.S. Senate before the vote, Sen. Wyden raised the question of whether law-abiding Americans should be concerned that the government will have access to their lives at any time of the day. In particular, Wyden said that the average American may think that he does not need to worry about anything, since he has not done anything wrong, and therefore the government has no reason to suspect him of anything, even if he has access to history. his tour. However, regarding this perception, Wyden points out that the issue is not whether someone has done something wrong or bad, but whether a government agent has the right to control the browsing history of an American citizen. which means he can access a lot of his personal information.
Both Wyden and Daines used US President Donald Tramp as an example, to indicate why the amendment should be voted on, while each cited different reasons to justify this position. In particular, Wyden referred to Trump's frequent appeals investigations for his political enemies and noted that Attorney General William Barr was conducting investigations that negatively affected Trump's political interests. He also noted the Justice Department's recent attempt to acquit Michael Flynn, who admitted in December 2017 that he had lied to the FBI about his conversations with Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak. On the other hand, Daines referred to what some government bureaucrats did to President Trump, abusing FISA, to serve their political motives. He added that their government was spying on an American citizen, a political adviser to Trump's then-uncontrollable candidate, stressing that what happened to Trump could happen to anyone and for any purpose. And this is a very serious issue.
As Daines said in a speech Tuesday morning, for a long time the Patriot Act and the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, commonly referred to as SHEET, have been used to violate the civil liberties of American citizens. In a statement to Gizmodo after the vote, Daines said he would continue to push for FISA reform, saying it was important for American privacy. The final vote on the Wyden-Daines amendment was 59-37. Thus, he did not pass to the US Senate since sixty "yes" votes were required, while all members of the Senate had to be present to vote.
However, four members did not vote: Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT), Senator Ben Sasse (R-NE), Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN) and Senator Patty Murray (D-WA). Senator Alexander is quarantined because a member of his staff was diagnosed positively COVID-19. Senators Sanders, Sasse and Murray have not yet commented. Senator Mark Warner's office said that while the Virginia senator was positive about the reforms proposed by Wyden and Daines, the principles of security and law enforcement in the bill were very important. Warner, vice-president of the Senate Intelligence Committee, is still concerned that changes to the bill will delay its incorporation into the House or may cancel it altogether.
A separate amendment proposed by Senators Mike Lee (R-UT) and Patrick Leahy (D-VT) has been approved by the US Senate. This includes various provisions designed to protect Americans and their political liberties. Among other reforms in its context amicus curiae, the amendment requires the FISA court to appoint one or more persons with experience in confidentiality and political liberties, in cases that raise significant concerns about the activities protected by the first amendment. The amendment proposed by Wyden and Daines was overturned. The approval of the Lee and Leahy amendment represents a much greater victory for the protection of privacy than that which many believed was feasible, while marking a long-awaited turn. Congress with regard to the protection of privacy, as well as the initiation of other struggles to ensure it.