Technology 2020: We are certainly in an age of technological miracles, with companies and scientists achieving goals that until a few years ago seemed impossible. Let's look at the technological developments that we believe will make a difference in resolving major problems in 2020. What criteria did we choose for the technologies we present? Avoiding fancy gadgets and mindless patents. Instead, we focused on technologies that would really change the way we live and work.
By 2020, Dutch researchers will complete a quantum internet between Delft and The Hague.
A Internet based on quantum physics will soon be able to allow the safest possible communication. A team led by Stephanie Wehner, of Delft University of Technology, is building a network that connects four cities in the Netherlands entirely with quantum technology. Messages sent through this network will be completely inviolable.
The new drugs are designed to treat unique genetic mutations.
Let's look at a hopeless case: a child with a deadly disease so extremely rare that not only is there no cure, not even one to study it.
This is about to change, thanks to new drugs that can adapt to a person's genes. If a very rare disease is caused by a specific error in the DNA, modern drugs will be able to detect the error and correct it.
The rise of the digital currency has huge implications for economic privacy.
Last June, Facebook unveiled a "global digital currency" called Libra. The idea sparked reactions, and Libra was never able to launch it, at least not in the way it was originally intended. A few days after its announcement Facebook, an official of the People's Bank of China said his organization would accelerate the development of its own digital currency. Now China is poised to become the first major economy to launch a digital version of its money, with which it intends to replace its banknotes.
Drugs that are trying to cure diseases aimed at the body's natural aging process are now in the near future.
The first wave of a new class of anti-aging drugs has already been approved for human trials. These medicines will not allow you to live longer but will cure specific diseases by slowing or reversing the underlying aging process.
Medicines are called genolytic - they work by removing certain cells that accumulate as we grow up known as "aging" cells, which can create low-level inflammation that suppresses the normal mechanisms of cellular recovery and creates a toxic environment for the cells.
Use A..I. for molecular discoveries
Scientists have used technological developments by investing in Artificial Intelligence to discover new promising drugs.
A cluster of molecules that could be turned into life-saving drugs is incredible to capture as a size. Researchers estimate the number to be around 1060. This number is greater than any person in the solar system, offering virtually unlimited chemical capabilities.
Plus, AI tools. can search large databases of existing molecules and their properties, using information to create new clusters. This could make the discovery of new drugs faster and cheaper.
Now we can build and manage tens of thousands of satellites in one orbit.
Satellites that can transmit broadband to internet terminals. As long as these terminals have a clear image, they can connect any nearby device to the Internet. H SpaceX wants to send more satellites into orbit this decade than people have started sending since Sputnik.
These clusters are possible because we have learned how to make smaller satellites and launch them cheaper. During the time of the first space missions, launching a satellite in space cost about $ 24.800 per pound. A small four-tonne communications satellite cost nearly $ 200 million to fly over.
Google gave the first clear proof of a quantum computer that surpasses the classics PC.
Quantum computers store and process data in a completely different way than we know it. Theoretically, they could tackle certain categories of problems that even the most powerful classic supercomputer would take thousands of years to solve, such as breaking current cryptographic codes or simulating the exact behavior of molecules to discover new drugs and materials.
Operating quantum computers have been around for several years, but only under certain conditions are they out of class, and in October the Google supported the first demonstration of "quantum superiority" in line with the latest technological developments.
Tiny Artificial Intelligence
Now we can run powerful AI algorithms on our phones.
Artificial Intelligence has a problem: when searching for stronger algorithms, researchers use an increasing amount of data and computing power and rely on centralized services in cloud. This not only creates alarming amounts of carbon emissions, but it also limits the speed and privacy of AI applications.
But a new version of a tiny AI is coming to change that. Technologists and academics working on new algorithms to shrink existing models deep learning without losing their potential. Meanwhile, an emerging generation of AI chips specializes in integrating more computing power into smaller physical spaces and training artificial intelligence to operate with much less energy.
Protection of privacy
Technological developments also affect privacy by bringing a new technique for measuring privacy in a critical dataset.
In 2020, the US government has a major obstacle to overcome: collecting data on the country's 330 million residents while keeping their identities private. The data are released in statistical tables analyzed by policy makers and academics when writing legislation or conducting research. By law, the inventory service has to make sure that the data cannot identify individuals.
Those responsible for handling this inventory have already switched to a technique called differential privacy.
Differential privacy is a mathematical technique that makes this process rigorous, measuring how much privacy increases when "noise" is added, as well as generalized elements that do not help the individual target. This method is already used by Apple and Facebook for collecting aggregated data without identifying specific users.
Report on climate change
Researchers can now identify the role of climate change in extreme weather.
Ten days after the Imelda terrorist storm that flooded neighborhoods across Houston last September, a research team announced that climate change was almost certainly playing a role.
The team, World Weather Attribution, had compared high-resolution computer simulations to worlds where climate change never happened. In the first simulation, in the world we live in, a severe storm was about 2,6 times more likely - and up to 28% more intense.
Earlier this decade, scientists were reluctant to link any particular event to climate change. However, there have been many studies of extreme weather distribution in recent years and the rapid improvement of tools and technical knowledge has made them more reliable.
These are just some of the technological developments we expect in 2020. We are confident that we will witness great technological achievements in the near future.