The Racoon was first spotted a year ago and quickly became known for its low price and capabilities. Also known as Legion, Mohazo and Racealer, the software was originally only promoted in Russian Forums, but soon became worldwide known. The malware was first introduced in April 2019, under the MaaS (Malware-as-Service) model for $ 75 per week or $ 200 per month. For this money, users gain access to a dashboard that allows them to customize Racoon as needed, access stolen data, and download the software.
The MaaS model is widely available today because it "opens doors" to a large number of clients, many of whom lack technical knowledge.
Η CyberArk mentioned that the software is written in C ++ and is not complicated at all. However, it can steal information from nearly 60 programs (browsers, portfolios, emails, etc.). All popular search programs (Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer, Opera, Vivaldi, Waterfox, SeaMonkey, UC Browser) are on the target list. It is also looking for cryptocurrency portfolios such as Electrum, Ethereum, Exodus, Jaxx and Monero. From emails, Racoon searches for data from Thunderbird, Outlook, Foxmail, and more.
CyberArk researchers say Racoon is based on a process to steal data: it detects and copies it file with useful information and creates a .zip file ready for theft. "After applying its capabilities, it gathers all the files it wrote in a Log.zip file. Now all it has to do is send the file back to C&C server and erase his trace ”- CyberArk
Racoon's additional features include the collection of operating system details (operating system version and architecture, language, hardware information, etc.). It can also be easily adjusted to pull photos from the screens of infected systems. In addition, the malicious software can act as a dropper for other malicious files.
Like all malware, Racoon is actively improving with frequent updates, new features and features. Analyzing it, the researchers noticed new releases released that expanded the support for applications, adding FileZilla and UC Browser and adding the software encryption option directly from the dashboard.