Ubuntu is one of the most popular and easy to use operating systems and a very good alternative for those who want an open source interface.
Below is a guide for those who want to install Ubuntu Linux on a computer Windows.
- First you need to make sure that your computer can run it Linux. Check to see if it meets the following system requirements:
- 2 GHz dual core processor
- 2 gigabytes of RAM (system memory)
- 25 gigabytes of hard disk space
- A unit DVD or a door USB on your computer
- Find an empty DVD or flash drive. To install Ubuntu Linux on your computer, you must first create an installer by placing the Ubuntu ISO file on a disk or flash drive.
If you use DVD, a standard 4,5 GB disc will be enough. If you choose to use a flash drive, make sure it is at least 2 GB.
- Download the Ubuntu Linux ISO file. Go to: https://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop
Scroll down and click "Download" to the right of the preferred version, the latest version of LTS is 18.10.
Scroll down and click 'Not now, go to the download link'.
Wait for the download to start or click the download now link.
- Copy the ISO file to a DVD. You can also use a flash drive, but you must configure it for either FAT32 (Windows) or MS-DOS (FAT) (Mac) and then use UNetBootin or Rufus to make the flash drive recognizable by the operating system your computer.
- Partition the hard drive of your computer. By creating parts on your hard drive, you allow this part to act as a separate hard drive. This section will install Linux, so it should be at least five gigabytes in size. The Ubuntu support page recommends at least 25 gigabytes of free space.
6. Be sure to install the installer. The DVD or flash drive needs to be mounted or connected to your computer. Once you are sure that the installer is connected and you have done the rest of the steps in this section, you can install Ubuntu Linux on your Windows computer.
How to install Ubuntu on a Windows computer
- Click the Windows logo in the lower left corner of the screen.
- Click the Power icon in the lower left corner of the window. A popup menu will appear.
- Click Restart. This will restart your computer.
- Please wait for the Linux installation window to appear. As soon as your computer restarts and returns to the desktop, the installation window will appear. This usually happens within minutes. Depending on your security settings, you may need to log on to your computer before the desktop appears. If you are using a USB flash drive and the Linux installation window does not appear, restart your computer and open the BIOS, then find the "Boot Order" section, select the USB drive option (usually Removable Devices) and press the + to move the USB flash drive to the top.
- Click the language you want to use for Ubuntu, and then click "Continue" in the lower right corner.
- Click "Install Ubuntu". It is located on the right side of the window
- Check both boxes on the "Preparing to install Ubuntu" page. Check the boxes "Download Updates When Installing Ubuntu" and the "Install third-party software for graphics ..."
- Click Continue. It is in the lower right corner of the window.
- Check the box "Delete disk and install Ubuntu". This option is located at the top of the window.
- Click the "Install Now" button. It is in the bottom right corner.
- Click "Continue" when prompted. This will start the Ubuntu installation process.
- Select an area on the global map that appears, and then click "Continue".
- Click a language on the left side of the window, and then click a version of the language (eg USA) on the right side and click "Continue".
- Enter the user information. Fill in the following fields:
"Your computer name" - The name you want your computer to use.
"Choose a User Name" - Enter a username you want to use for your Ubuntu profile.
"Select a password" - Enter a password.
"Confirm password" - Re-enter the password.
- Select "Automatic login" or "My login password required" in the center of the page and click "Continue".
- Click Restart Now when prompted. This will display a screen where you can choose your preferred operating system (eg Ubuntu or Windows).
- Select Ubuntu and press Enter. This will launch your computer on Ubuntu Linux rather than reopening Windows. You now have Linux installed on your Windows computer.