As time passes, the more frequent their attacks are hackers in ATMs, who are using increasingly sophisticated and targeted methods to gain access to money laundering machines. It is also noticed that malicious agents mostly use specific families malware, in order to export money from an ATM.
The history of ATM skimmer malware began ten years ago when the first malware targeting ATM was designed. Since then, as it is natural, it has evolved and includes many different families of malware, while different factors lie behind them.
So let's look at 5's top malicious programs targeting ATM
Ploutus malware, first detected in November of 2016, allows attackers to empty an ATM using an external keyboard attached to the machine or via SMS. This is a typical malware targeting ATM, giving hackers the ability to make money without the need for a card.
Another malware detected in November of 2016 is Alice. It connects directly to CurrencyDispenser1 and introduces the correct PIN opens the administrator panel, which allows attackers to steal money from the ATM's safe.
The Cutlet contains a guide that provides manuals, details such as the required equipment, targeted ATM models, and tips and tricks for malware running by other malicious players. This type of malware does not directly affect a bank's customers because it is intended for cash theft from specific ATMs.
By operating in the Eastern European countries, Tyupkin malware was first discovered in 2014. To work, attackers need to gain physical access to the ATM and infect it with Tyupkin malware. Once the machine is infected, it disables all network connections and even if the administrators have detected the suspicious activity, it can not be interrupted.
Skimer is the first malware designed to steal bank card numbers and account details and owner details stored on the magnetic tape associated with payment terminals so that they can collect data from any person who uses his card. The scammers place the skimmer, which includes a camera above the built-in security camera facing the customer at the ATMs and thus records the user's PIN.