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Secure your Wi-Fi: Measures and countermeasures for everyone

Wireless networks (Wi-Fi) make it easy to access the Internet from your computer, mobile phones, tablets and other wireless devices anywhere at home without the need for cables.
With traditional wired networks, it is extremely difficult to steal some internet connections, but the problem is with wireless signals as they can be intercepted by a neighboring building or by a car parked outside your apartment.Wi-Fi

This practice, also known as piggybacking, can be detrimental for three reasons:

It will increase your monthly Internet bill especially when you pay byte for data transfer.
It will reduce your internet access speed by sharing the same connection with other users.
It can create security risks as you may lose files on your computers, or find your IP in the Electronic Crime Proofs for an attack you have not done.

  • The malicious scenario: There have been several instances where innocent users have been arrested for sending emails from hacked e-mail accounts via broken Wi-Fi wireless networks that they used at home. The Wireshark is a free Internet sniffing tool for Linux, Mac and Windows that can detect traffic streaming through a wireless network, including cookies, forms and other HTTP requests.

Wireless Wi-Fi Measures and Countermeasures

Below we will see how you can make your wireless network secure. We will look at the security measures you need to take, as well as the countermeasures used by hackers to break your network.

With regard to countermeasures now, there is plenty. We will only mention a few, what we consider to be the main one.

Change the router settings

You need to know how to access your wireless router settings through your browser. You can usually do this by typing the internal IP address “192.168.1.1” into your browser. Then you need to enter the correct username and password to see the settings page. Names and passwords are different for each router, so you should first check your router's user manual.

You can also use Google to find the manuals for most online routers in case you lose the printed manual that came with your device.

Alternatively, you can use the portable application (no installation required) Router Default Passwords that will display everything you need on your screen.

The application works only on Windows. If you still can not find IP to log in, open the following list:

routerDefault IPs
2Wire192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.1.254
10.0.0.138
3Com192.168.1.1
192.168.1.10.1
Actiontec192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.2.1
192.168.254.254
Airlink192.168.1.1
192.168.2.1
Airlive192.168.2.1
AirTies192.168.2.1
Apple10.0.1.1
Amped Wireless192.168.3.1
Asus192.168.1.1
192.168.2.1
10.10.1.1
10.0.0.1
Aztech192.168.1.1
192.168.2.1
192.168.1.254
192.168.254.254
Belkin192.168.1.1
192.168.2.1
10.0.0.2
10.1.1.1
Billion192.168.1.254
10.0.0.2
Buffalo192.168.1.1
192.168.11.1
Card King192.168.0.1
Cisco192.168.1.1
192.168.0.30
192.168.0.50
10.0.0.1
10.0.0.2
D-Link192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.0.10
192.168.0.101
192.168.0.30
192.168.0.50
192.168.1.254
192.168.15.1
192.168.254.254
10.0.0.1
10.0.0.2
10.1.1.1
10.90.90.90
Edimax192.168.2.1
Eero192.168.0.1
Eminent192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.8.1
Gigabyte192.168.1.254
Google192.168.86.1
192.168.0.1
Hawking192.168.1.200
192.168.1.254
Huawei192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.3.1
192.168.8.1
192.168.100.1
10.0.0.138
LevelOne192.168.0.1
192.168.123.254
Linksys192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.1.10
192.168.1.210
192.168.1.254
192.168.1.99
192.168.15.1
192.168.16.1
192.168.2.1
Microsoft192.168.2.1
Motorola192.168.0.1
192.168.10.1
192.168.15.1
192.168.20.1
192.168.30.1
192.168.62.1
192.168.100.1
192.168.102.1
192.168.1.254
MSI192.168.1.254
Netgear192.168.0.1
192.168.0.227
NetComm192.168.1.1
192.168.10.50
192.168.20.1
10.0.0.138
Netopia192.168.0.1
192.168.1.254
Planet192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.1.254
Repotec192.168.1.1
192.168.10.1
192.168.16.1
192.168.123.254
Senao192.168.0.1
Siemens192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.1.254
192.168.2.1
192.168.254.254
10.0.0.138
10.0.0.2
Sitecom192.168.0.1
192.168.1.254
192.168.123.254
10.0.0.1
SMC Networks192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.2.1
10.0.0.1
10.1.10.1
Sonicwall192.168.0.3
192.168.168.168
SpeedTouch10.0.0.138
192.168.1.254
Synology192.168.1.1
Sweex192.168.15.1
192.168.50.1
192.168.55.1
192.168.251.1
Curtain192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
Thomson192.168.0.1
192.168.1.254
192.168.100.1
TP-Link192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.0.254
Trendnet192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.0.30
192.168.0.100
192.168.1.100
192.168.1.254
192.168.10.1
192.168.10.10
192.168.10.100
192.168.2.1
192.168.223.100
200.200.200.5
Ubiquiti192.168.1.1
192.168.1.20
US Robotics192.168.1.1
192.168.2.1
192.168.123.254
Zoom192.168.1.1
192.168.2.1
192.168.4.1
192.168.10.1
192.168.1.254
10.0.0.2
10.0.0.138
ZTE192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.100.100
192.168.1.254
192.168.2.1
192.168.2.254
Zyxel192.168.1.1
192.168.0.1
192.168.2.1
192.168.4.1
192.168.10.1
192.168.1.254
192.168.254.254
10.0.0.2
10.0.0.138

If you are looking for the default passwords for the web page settings page Router reset and PortForward.com will cover you.

Create a unique password for your router

Once you log in, the first thing you need to do to secure your network is to change your default password. Once you have found it, others can find it.

This will prevent others from accessing and you can maintain the security settings you want. You can change the password from the management settings on the router's configuration page. The default values ​​are usually admin / password.

  • The malicious scenario: There are many public databases that contain default usernames and passwords for wireless routers, modems, and other networking equipment. So anyone can find out from this database the factory settings of your router. Since it is connected to the same Wi-Fi, it can connect to one of the internal IPs mentioned above. Your router page tells the manufacturer ... and so without delay can find the default username-password.

Change your network SSID

The SSID (or wireless network name) of your wireless router is usually preset as a default by the manufacturing company, or by your line distributor (eg CYTA5BFV or Fortnet- *). Changing your SSID will not make your network safer, especially as your network name, address, or other personal information. At times I have encountered SSIDs that are mobile numbers, names,

  • The malicious scenario: Wi-Fi scanning tools like inSSIDer (Windows) and Kismet (Mac, Linux) are free and allow anyone who wants to find all available wireless networks in an area even if the routers do not transmit their SSID name.

Enable network encryption

To prevent other computers in the area from using an Internet connection, you need to encrypt the wireless signals.

There are various encryption methods for wireless settings, such as: WEP, WPA (WPA-Personal), and WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access version 2).

WEP is a very basic encryption and is thus less secure (it can be easily broken, but it is compatible with most devices.) WPA2 encryption is safer but only compatible with 2006-built hardware.

To enable encryption on your wireless network, open security settings what? wireless function on your royter configuration page. From there, you can usually choose which security method you want to use. Of course, if your equipment is not old, use WPA2. Choose a hard password using a combination of letters, numbers, and special characters.

  • The malicious scenario: AirCrack and coWPAtty are some free tools that even allow non-hackers to crack WEP / WPA encryption (PSK) using a brute force dictionary or techniques. A YouTube video shows that AirCrack can also be used to break the encryption of WiFi via jailbraked iPhone.

Watch the video

Filter MAC addresses

All your wireless devices have a unique MAC address (it has nothing to do with Apple's Macs). Imagine the MAC address as the unique IP address each computer that is connected to the Internet.

As an additional means of protection, you can add the MAC addresses of all the devices you use to your wireless router settings. This allows only certain devices to connect to the Wi-Fi network.

MAC addresses are encoded in networking equipment. Unfortunately, tampering with a MAC address is possible, but the attacker should first know one of the MAC addresses of computers that are connected to your wireless network before attempting to forge.

To enable MAC address filtering, first create a list of all the devices you want to connect to your wireless network. Find their MAC addresses, and then add them to the MAC address filters in your router settings.

To find the MAC address on your computers, open the Command Prompt and type the following command:

ipconfig / all

The command will display your MAC address beside the name "Physical Address". You can find the MAC addresses of wireless mobile phones and other mobile devices you use in your network settings.

  • The malicious scenario: One can change the MAC address of his computer and can easily connect to your network, since your network allows you to connect from devices that have that particular MAC address. Anyone can identify your device's MAC address wirelessly using a sniffing tool like Nmap, and then change its MAC address using another free tool such as MAC Shift.

Reduce the range of the wireless signal

If your wireless router has a long range but your apartment is small, it would be advisable to reduce the signal bandwidth either by changing your router's function to 802.11g (instead of 802.11n or 802.11b) or by using a different wireless channel.

You can also try placing the router under the bed to limit the direction of the signals somewhat.

Alternatively, let us mention Paint Anti-Wi-Fi: Researchers have developed a special color that prevents Wi-Fi and can help you stop neighbors from accessing your home network without having to set anything on your router. The color contains chemicals that block radio signals by absorbing them.

"By covering the whole room, Wi-Fi signals can not enter and can not go out."

Upgrade your router's firmware

You should occasionally check the manufacturer's page to make sure your router is running with the latest firmware that is being released.

Connect to your secure wireless Wi-Fi network

To complete, MAC address filtering along with WPA2 encryption (AES) and a very complex password is probably the best way to secure your wireless network.

Once you've enabled the above security settings on your wireless router, you must add the new settings to your computers or other wireless devices that you can use to connect to your secure Wi-Fi. You can choose to automatically connect to the network without having to type the password each time.

Who is connected to your wireless network

If you are concerned that a stranger is connected to your wireless network, try AirSnare. It is a free utility that will look for unexpected MAC addresses on your wireless network as well as DHCP requests.

Another option is to open your router's management page (using 192.168. *) And look for the DHCP Clients Table. From there, you'll see a list of all the computers and wireless devices that are connected to your home network.

in addition to

Turn off your router completely when you are not planning to use the computer for a long time. You will save energy and the door will be closed 100% for piggybackers.

To allow a new device to be connected to your network, you need to find the device's MAC address and add it to your router. So if a friend wants to connect, you can give him access. Remove its MAC address from your router settings after disconnecting it.

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