A team of scientists at the China Science and Technology University in Shanghai built the first quantum computer, which is estimated to be 24.000 times faster than conventional computers.
Pan Jianwei, a Chinese Academy of Sciences scholar and leading quantum physicist, says that "quantum computer science exploits the fundamental principle of quantum superposition to provide extremely fast parallel computation and simulation capabilities".
In conventional silicon chips, the data can only get one of the following two values: 0 or 1. However, in quantum computers, data can exist in both situations at the same time, storing exponentially more information.
“The computational power of a quantum computer increases exponentially with the number of quantum bits that can be 'manipulated'. This could help to effectively solve large-scale computing problems, beyond the capabilities of today's classics, ”adds Pan Jianwei.
An analogous example by which the concept of "quantum computing" can be more easily understood is that quantum computers are able to read all the books in a library at the same time, whereas conventional computers should read them serially, one after another.
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