Hardware Problems? Many times the computer seems to be slow, various crash happens suddenly, eg, blue screens in Windows, crash of the browser, or freezing the whole system while watching some videos.
Since we have blocked a possible software problem, that is, some malware infection and our computer is clean (for details see the article below here), we must begin to believe that we have been the victim of a "hardware failure", or there is a hardware problem!
Our problem can come from some of our computer devices (ram, VGA, CPU, SSD, HDD etc). But how can we figure out what is due before we contact a technician or before we order something useless and unnecessary because we mistakenly believed something else?
Below we will analyze how we can test each piece of our computer separately in our home!
Most blue screens that you will encounter in modern versions of Windows will probably be caused by hardware failures. The blue screen often displays information about the crash driver or the type of error encountered.
For example, suppose you have a blue screen with an "NV4_disp.dll" error message. A quick Google search will reveal that this is the guide for NVIDIA graphics cards, so now you can get started somewhere. Your graphics card may have failed if you encounter this error message.
Checking hard disks.
Hard drives have a built-in SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology) feature. The idea is that the hard disk itself monitors itself and will let you know if it fails, providing you with a warning before it completely fails.
But this does not always work that way, it can fail even if SMART says everything is OK.
If you see any kind of "SMART Error" message, your hard drive fails. You can use SMART tools to view information about the health status of your disks.
Disc Scan Tools:
Test your Ram.
The failure of RAM can lead to a variety of problems. If the computer writes data to RAM and the RAM returns different data because it is malfunctioning, you can see from applications collapse, blue screens, corruption of the file system, and even the complete operation of your computer.
To check your memory and see if it works properly, use the Windows Embedded Diagnostic Tool. The Memory Diagnostics tool will write data to each area of your RAM and will read it back later, ensuring that your RAM works properly.
You will just open it by typing in Windows "search" the word "memory"Or"memory diagnostic tool"
Another more sophisticated program (which I will not explain how it works) is memtest. It performs extensive analysis of memories, running through BIOS.
You can find it here.
System temperature control.
High temperature is the main reason for the destruction of our computer materials, so cooling is our main concern when we "build" a computer. The temperatures can be controlled easily by installing the following program. Speccy will thoroughly analyze all parts of your computer and let you know of any high temperatures.
You can use a utility such as Prime95 to strictly control your CPU. Such a tool will force your CPU to run calculations without allowing it to rest, work hard, and produce heat. If your CPU fails enough, you will start seeing errors or shutting down the system.
Overclockers use Prime95 to ensure any cooling errors and make sure the CPU runs cool and steady. It's a good way to check if your CPU is steady down hard!
Test the graphics card.
The Affected Point Of The Gamers! Graphics cards may also be a source of problems for our system's systemic countermeasures. Since the VGA crash can cause blue screens, frosts, and generally malfunctioning of our computer.
How can we control the operation of our graphics card? With the following program.
Not every hardware problem is easy to find. If you have a bad motherboard or power supply (power supply problem), problems can only occur through occasional odd issues in conjunction with other parts of your computer. In short, for problems with the motherboard and the power supply, it is difficult to identify the problems if they are not completely replaced.
Ultimately, the best way to determine if a component is defective is to replace it completely. For example, if you think your video card may cause a blue screen on your computer, pull the graphics card from the computer and insert a new graphics card (you might borrow one). If everything works well, it is likely that your previous graphics card was faulty.
This is not easy for people who do not have desktops. Troubleshooting has to do with error testing, and switching from lets you determine which component is really the cause of the problem.
This is not a complete guide to everything that could possibly go wrong and how to locate it - someone could write a complete book to find hardware bugs and still would not cover everything. But the above tips will give you a few places to start dealing with the most common problems.